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Pediatric Neurosciences

Kosair Children’s Hospital offers state-of-the-art facilities with advanced technologies to provide neurological diagnostics and treatment for a full spectrum of spinal and brain conditions. Our multidisciplinary neurosurgery team develops customized treatment plans that meet the needs of the individual child, and involves the patient’s family from diagnosis to treatment.

Our pediatric neurological services draw patients from across the region and country, and offer outstanding diagnostics to treat kids with nervous system disorders and nervous system development problems.

Some conditions and disorders we treat include:

Our team of pediatric neurologists and neurosurgeons also treat developmental problems, spinal cord, nerve and muscle diseases, movement disorders, metabolic diseases and tremors. They work closely with the Neurodiagnostic Center to utilizes state-of-the-art technology and diagnostic tools including:

  • MRIPET scans  and SPECTscans
  • Topographical brain mapping
  • Electroencephalograpy
  • Electromyography (EMG / NCV)
  • Evoked potentials
  • Seizure monitoring
  • Electrocortiocography
  • OR-Spine monitoring

Some special services, capabilities and equipment offered to outpatients:

  • State-of-the-art EEG and video monitoring of inpatients and outpatients
  • Vagal nerve stimulation
  • Ketogenic diet
  • EMG and nerve conduction studies
  • Related support services
  • Neurosensory Clinic
  • Cerebral Palsy Clinic

For more information on our neurological services, call (502) 629-6000.


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Epilepsy Center

The National Association of Epilepsy Centers (NAEC) has designated Kosair Children’s Hospital’s Comprehensive Epilepsy Center as a Level 4 center, the highest recognition available.

According to the NAEC, a Level 4 epilepsy center provides more complex forms of intensive neurodiagnostic monitoring and more extensive medical, neuropsychological and psychosocial treatment. Fourth-level centers also offer a complete evaluation for epilepsy surgery, including intracranial electrodes, and a broad range of other surgical procedures to treat the condition.

The Comprehensive Epilepsy Center at Kosair Children’s Hospital is one of 32 pediatric Level 4 centers in the United States. Norton Brownsboro Hospital is also a Level 4 center for treating epilepsy.

Britt Schloemer, APRN, Kosair Children’s Hospital, led the effort to spotlight our neuroscience team and capabilities in caring for patients with epilepsy.

Kosair Children's Hospital was the first facility in the state to use vagal nerve simulation as a treatment for epilepsy.

Why should you choose Kosair Children’s Hospital to treat your child’s epilepsy?

Kosair Children’s Hospital’s comprehensive pediatric epilepsy center has received a level 4 designation by the National Association of Epilepsy Centers, meaning it offers more complex forms of intensive neurodiagnostic monitoring and more extensive medical, neuropsychological and psychosocial treatment. This center also has the capabilities to perform complete evaluations for epilepsy surgery, including intracranial electrodes, and a broad range of other surgical procedures to treat the condition.

Our multidisciplinary team consists of pediatric specialists in:

  • Neurology and neurosurgery
  • Nursing
  • Neuropsychology
  • Physical therapy and rehabilitation
  • Radiology
  • Nuclear medicine

The team also includes:

  • EEG technicians
  • Intensive care
  • Pediatric anesthesiology
  • Social work
  • Child life services

This multidisciplinary team joins together to assess each individual child and creates a customized plan of care based on the child’s needs and the needs of the family.

Our Epilepsy Monitoring Unit (EMU) consists of four patient rooms which provide continuous video EEG monitoring. We also have two patient rooms in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit which are equipped to monitor our surgical patients, and we have six portable EEG machines to monitor patients on any other unit in the hospital. These machines are used every day to characterize patient events, monitor frequency of seizures and establish the correct diagnosis and plan of care.

Rare Epilepsy Surgery

A 4-year-old Louisville boy who underwent an incredibly rare brain surgery to help prevent life-altering seizures is doing better than almost anyone could imagine.


The surgery was the first of its kind to be performed at Kosair Children's Hospital with the help of the highly skilled specialists in the hospital's new epilepsy monitoring unit.


Get Healthy's Jackie Hays says the boy's parents call Sean Caruso their miracle child.


This procedure is incredibly rare. Only 200 hemispherectomies are performed globally each year.